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焦點影人:楊斯凡克梅耶

夢中見

Surviving Life
導演

楊斯凡克梅耶 Jan ŠVANKMAJER

資訊
輔12

捷克、斯洛伐克、日本 Czech Republic, Slovakia, Japan | 2010 | DCP | Color | 110min

影片介紹

2012斯洛伐克「網中的太陽」獎最佳美術成就
2011捷克電影金獅獎最佳美術指導、最佳電影海報
2011捷克電影金獅獎最佳導演、最佳音效提名

中年男子尤金在現實與夢境中過著雙面人生,有著不同的個性,甚至有著不同的伴侶。難以區分夢境與現實令他感到困擾,決定求助精神分析治療師的專業協助。然而,當佛洛伊德和榮格等大師的經典理論紛紛出籠,尤金的腦袋卻越來越混亂……。

「只有當夢境與現實融合,才能構成一個完整的人。遺憾的是,我們的文明沒有時間做夢,因為它沒有錢賺。」—斯凡克梅耶

創作向來受精神分析理論影響深刻的斯凡克梅耶,第六部長片選擇聚焦夢的解析,新創自稱「精神分析喜劇」的電影類型。由於概念過於前衛,而在無法募得足夠預算的狀況下開拍,斯凡克梅耶刪除大量真人演出及都會場景,改以拼貼演員照片與圖畫製成定格動畫來呈現,反而開創出意想不到的夢境視覺效果。

Eugene, an ageing man, leads a double life – one real, the other in his dreams. He goes to see a psychoanalyst who tries to interpret his dreams. Eugene finds a way of entering his dream-world at will and finds out what really happened to his parents. When his wife forces him to choose between dream and reality, he goes for the dream-world, where he is married to another woman. The film uses a mix of cutout animation from photographs and live-action segments.

導演
楊斯凡克梅耶 Jan ŠVANKMAJER
導演介紹

1934年生於布拉格,捷克國寶級動畫電影大師,以超現實主義美學聞名,風格黑暗奇趣且富文學深度,尤擅黏土塑形和定格動畫等表現手法。曾獲柏林影展短片金熊獎、安錫動畫影展大獎、薩格勒布動畫影展終身成就獎等榮耀。

Born in 1934, Jan ŠVANKMAJER studied stage design at the College of Applied Arts in Prague, and Puppetry at the Prague Academy of Performing Arts. In 1964, he made his first short film The Last Trick. His animations films filled with fantasy and surrealism: Dimensions of Dialogue (1983) and J.S. Bach - Fantasy in G Minor (1965) were awarded in Berlin and Cannes, respectively. Mostly known for his use of claymation and stop-motion techniques.

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